Louis Gautier is Associate Professor in Political Science and Director of the Chair "Major Contemporary Strategic Issues" at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and was also Professor of International Relations at the University of Lyon III (2006 - 2012). After graduating from ENA (promotion Solidarité) in 1983, he joined the Cour des Comptes as an auditor and then served as a Chargé de mission to the first President. He was then appointed adviser to the cabinet of the Minister of Culture and Communication (1987-1990), and adviser and then deputy director in the cabinet of the Minister of Defence (1990-1993). From 1993 to 1997, he joined the Cour des Comptes as a referendary advisor. From 1997 to 2002, he was appointed defence advisor to the Prime Minister. In 2002, he was assigned to the seventh chamber of the Cours des Comptes as a sector manager, and then to the third chamber of the Court of Audit. He is currently Attorney General at the Cour des Comptes and was President of the Third Chamber at the Cours des Comptes from 2019 to 2022 as well as Secretary General for Defence and National Security from 2014 to 2018. He is also Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Ecole Nationale des Chartes (ENC) and Chairman of the Orientation Council of the National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (ANRS).