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de 10h à 18h

Paris - Colloque

Planning as a welfare project

The control of space-making by mankind has a long history, if we think of Marc Bloch citing the 11th century peasants from the Beauce to the Champagne clearing...

Partners: Groupe d'études géopolitiques, Danish Arts Foundation, Groupe d'aménagement volontaire
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The mastery of space-making by mankind has a long history, if we think of Marc Bloch evoking the 11th century peasants clearing the woods to plough the soils from the Beauce to the Champagne. But it is during the 20th century that the organisation of the territory became a model of spatial planning informed by the policies of the Welfare States. We can mention the American Greenbelt Town, the British Town and country planning and the French Aménagement du territoire. 20th century urban planning has initiated a voluntary remodelling of landscapes that focused on the architecture of dwellings, the access to infrastructures and the preservation of natural resources.

The international colloquium entitled Planning as a welfare project, organised by the André Chastel Centre, its director Jean-Baptiste Minnaert and Dorian Bianco, invokes architectural and planning history, photographic history and socio-cultural history in order to shed a new light on the models and the representations of welfare planning between France, North-Western Europe and Northern America. The colloquium will take place in the Giorgio Vasari Room of the National Institute of Art History.

Organisation : André Chastel Centre


Thursday, October 21


Opening by Jean-Baptiste Minnaert (Sorbonne University | André-Chastel Centre)

Dorian Bianco (Sorbonne University | Centre André-Chastel Centre) : Introduction

1st Session: The making of Welfare : concepts and politics | Chair: Dorian Bianco


Niels Wium Olesen (Institute of Culture and Society, University of Aarhus) : « The Danish Welfare State: Planning, Pragmatism and the Art of the Politically Possible. »


Mikkel Thelle (Danish Centre for Urban History, University of Aarhus) : « Modeling the welfare citizen: Nordic exhibitions and the spacetime of everyday life 1920-1958. »




Lunch break

2nd Session: Architecture and Welfare planning: an international approach | Chair: Jean-Baptiste Minnaert


Stéphane Gaessler (Sorbonne University | André-Chastel Centre) : « Models of spatial planning in the USSR between 1945 and 1970 and western influences »


Dirk van den Heuvel (Jaap Bakema Study Centre — Het Nieuwe Instituut, Delft University of Technology) : « A country planning its change, Jaap Bakema and the construction of the Dutch welfare state »

3pm Break


Élodie Bitsindou (Sorbonne University | André-Chastel Centre) : « Reclaiming the suburban ideal: History of a transatlantic model »

4pm Discussion

Friday, October 22

3rd Sesion: Welfare planning in France: models and realisations | Chair: Stéphane Gaessler


Benoît Pouvreau (cultural service of the Heritage of Seine-Saint-Denis) : « Aux sources du Plan d'aménagement national de 1950. Eugène Claudius-Petit et l'aménagement du territoire en France ».


Dorian Bianco (Sorbonne University | André-Chastel Centre) : « In search of a French model of welfare planning. Jean-François Gravier’s view of spatial planning in L’espace vital. »

Lunch break

4th Session: Representations of Welfare and critiques of planning | Chair: Élodie Bitsindou


Caroline Maniaque-Benton (National Superior School of Architecture of Normandy) : « Alternatives to welfare state : advocacy planning and do-it-yourself »


Mikkel Høghøj (National Museum of Denmark, University of Aarhus) : « Between the city and the sea: The construction of urban seaside parks as welfare landscapes in 20th century Copenhagen. »

3pm Discussion

3:15pm Break


Raphaëlle Bertho (InTRu Laboratory, University of Tours) : « The use of photographic representation in welfare planning: between documentation and prospective ».

4pm Discussion

Jean-Baptiste Minnaert (Sorbonne University | André-Chastel Centre) : Conclusion